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Jesus - son of Joseph, son of David

“The birth of Jesus Christ was like this…” (Matthew 1:18).
This is how the sentence begins, with a description of the events surrounding the conception and birth of Jesus below. That description is the cause of different views and debates. So, are we rightly interested in how Jesus (Joshua) came into existence and how he was conceived? What conditions did he have to meet in order to be considered as 'sn of David'?
Before we discuss these issues, let us remember that David and his wives had several sons. But Solomon was given the right to sit on his throne, which was to play a significant role in God's plan. In order to maintain the royal lineage through Solomon, the following rule was introduced:
“Behold, the king's (human biological) son will reign as the Lord has promised for the sons of David.” (2.Chronicles 23: 3)
In order to protect the royal lineage, only the 'king's son' could inherit the throne and bear the official title 'son of David'. This title or name was to be borne by all who came through Solomon in every new generation, who were
  • 'sons of David,' according to the flesh
  • anointed as kings on the throne of David
Solomon is the only son of David to rule Israel. After him, the kingdom of Israel was divided into two parts so that his descendants ruled only Judea (Israel in a small form because aliens from all 12 tribes lived there). The last 'son of David' was king of Zedekiah (Zedekiah) at the time when the Jews were taken with him to Babylon as slaves because they did not fulfill the condition of obedience that God had set for the sons of David. If they had fulfilled this condition, then the word of God would have been fulfilled:
“You shall never fail to have a successor to sit before me on the throne of Israel…” (2 Chronicles 6: 16,17)
Jesus is proof that the descendants of the lineage of Solomon have not disappeared. Although they existed before God upon their return to their country, they somehow disappeared before the people for some time because of the sins of certain kings. Anyone who was later born in that royal lineage was a 'son of David' and a legal heir, but none of them was allowed to make themselves the king - the Messiah, because they needed to be aware of what God said at the time of the last king:
A ruin! A ruin! I will make it a ruin! The crown will not be restored until he to whom it rightfully belongs shall come; to him I will give it.” (Ezekiel 21:27)
In order for this lawful Messiah-king to come, God promised to "raise up the fallen tent of David" (tent, house) that day, that is, to lift up his royal lineage, which was broken (2 Chronicles 21: 7; Psalm 89:29; Amos 9:11). For centuries, the Jews have been waiting for this Messianic king, who was to be chosen and appointed by God to restore the kingdom of Israel and unite all 12 tribes. The royal lineage would not have been interrupted if the kings had faithfully represented God's authority. In that case, 'the king would not disappear' in Israel so ...
  • Joshua (Jesus) would not have been born as a 'son of a carpenter' but as a 'son of the king' and the legal heir to the throne of David.
  • Jesus - the king's / carpenter's (human) son
The history of Israel and all of humanity would then go in the right direction, and to this day probably all nations would obey that king over kings (see Psalm 2). As history went in the other direction, the Israelites had to wait hundreds of years for this chosen God and faithful servant. Because of this situation, prophecies were revealed to the prophet Daniel, referring the Jews to the times and events associated with the coming of the Messiah and the restoration of God's (heavenly) kingdom in Israel, which would affect the whole world.
When Jesus was anointed and sent to the "lost sheep of the house of Israel," many of the common people accepted him as the promised Messiah and called him "the son of David," knowing that he was the son of Joseph (Matthew 15:22; 20:30; Mark 10: 47). In order for Jesus to be anointed by God and to bear that title, he must have had a legal right to the throne. The basic requirement was that
  • In the flesh, he originated from the royal lineage of David
This requirement was fulfilled by his father Joseph, who was a descendant of Solomon's family lineage. The second condition was to be
  • the firstborn son dedicated to God (Luke 2:7)
However, today we mostly read or hear in Christian communities that Joseph was not Jesus' biological father but that he adopted him. They believe that Jesus may still be called 'Son of David' because he descended from the lineage of David's son, Nathan, by flesh, that is, by his mother. Does such a view fit into the biblical context? Today's views are largely based on the report founds in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. While some use these reports as the basis for the belief in Jesus' pre-existence and incarnation, others have reason to see God's miracle of conception and creation of a new human being.
When it comes to the view that Jesus already existed in heaven before being born on earth, then some claim that his life pattern was transferred to the fertilized egg of a woman from the lineage of David who was destined to give birth to the body in which Jesus' celestial sinless nature resided. They claim Jesus thus became …
  • Son of David by the genetic lineage (blood) of Mary
Others claim that he has become the whole body of man, which would mean that his heavenly body, spirit and soul were transformed into the embryo and the body of a child born to a woman, so that even from that point of view, he is considered to be…
  • The son of David by the genetic lineage (blood) of Mary
Then there are those who do not believe in incarnation and claim that it is an act of creating a new man, another Adam (son of God), who is also…
  • Son of David by the genetic lineage (blood) of Mary
Such views with a dose of supernatural people seem inspiring. However, they reject any possibility that Jesus arose from the seed and genes of the royal lineage carried by his father Joseph. For them, Jesus is ...
  • the legal heir to the throne of David by Joseph, who adopted him as his son.
They believe that the adopted son had the same legal rights as the son who came in the flesh so Jesus is
  • The legal son of David by his stepfather
This is in stark contrast to what God was seeking concerning everyone who was to be king by their biological father from the lineage of David. That is why we cannot neglect the fact that from the first century until today there are Christians who believe that Jesus was
  • The son of David by the genetic lineage (blood) of Joseph
For any of these different points of view to be accepted, it must
  • uphold God's view and
  • should not create a problem to the rest of the Bible
In the Bible, God set the legal framework for the birth of the one whom He had ordained beforehand to appoint for Christ and the Lord (Acts 2:36).
I have noticed that many people try to adapt some biblical words and expressions to their point of view without even seeing or wanting to see the problems and complications associated with that view. So in this article I will expose you to these problems in relation to the term 'seed'.